DiPoP  

Disruptive technologies for space Power and Propulsion

 

Abstract

DiPoP is an assessment study for the European Space Policy (9.3.5 / SPA.2011.3. 5-01).

Disruptive space power and propulsion technologies as well as their applications are assessed. Recommendations and roadmaps for FP8 for enabling an independent, long term European leadership is the “in fine” goal of the project DiPoP. Disruptive space propulsion and power technologies studied are: continuous detonation wave engine, space and ground nuclear fission (power 30 kWe to 200 kWe, including "Rules for Public Acceptance with Launch & Operations Constrains"), solar and fuel cells, batteries, Power-MEMS (Power Micro- Electro-Mechanical System), Advanced Propulsion Systems and Power Processing Units. Space propulsion and power applications under DiPoP covers EC space work programme areas like propulsion (for entry, interplanetary flight, micro-propulsion systems, robotics), space exploration (mobility on planetary surfaces, habitation, life support),space power long term security and related areas.

 

Team                      

KopooS Consulting Ind.

KCI

France

Coordinator

Space Enterprise Partnerships Limited

SEP

United Kingdom

Leader

DEUTSCHES ZENTRUM FUER LUFT - UND RAUMFAHRT EV

DLR

Germany

Leader

UNIVERSITAET STUTTGART

USTUTT

Germany

Partner

CHRISTIAN-ALBRECHTS-UNIVERSITAET ZU KIEL

CAU

Germany

Partner

ISIS R&D Srl

ISIS_RD

Italy

Partner

Logic of the project tasks (High Quality)

Public Documentation issued during the course of the project (All files  31MB)

Document Number

Title of the Document

Summary

10.2

Final report on Disruptive Power & Propulsion

Sketch a general picture of the outputs of the DiPoP project

11.3

A Presentation of the final report

View graphs of the general picture of the outputs of the DiPoP project

23.1

Advanced Propulsion Systems Engineering Report

Review of Electric propulsion and Nuclear thermal propulsion; proposed missions and mission analysis tools review

23.2

Nuclear Electric Propulsion / Electric Power Procession Unit Report

Review of Mission and Nuclear Electric Propulsion System (NEP) with Power conditioning units (PPU); Thermal to Electrical Energy Conversion and  Power Management and Distribution (PMAD)

23.3

Nuclear Thermal Propulsion /Thermal Power Procession Unit Report

Review of Nuclear Thermal Propulsion Concepts (NTP), of  Fusion propulsion; Matter-Antimatter-Annihilation propulsion with associated Power Conversion Systems Concept (PCS)overview

23.4

Final Report Advanced Propulsion Systems & Power Procession Unit

Provides the Technology readiness levels (TRL) of NEP and its sub-systems. Further provides first analyes of scenario of missions with NEP and NTP.

30.2

Fission nuclear power generation roadmap update

A roadmap is provided in the form of recommendations made on the basis of reviews of applications and missions with fission nuclear power sources; technical options, European, Russian and US capability (expertise and infrastructure) with public acceptance, safety and sustainability and resources aspects

31.3

Updated Technical Note on 30 kWe fission sources for space applications

With large background information, a 30 kWe fission power source system is detailed at components level design. Specific applications for this power level are exhibited including ground penetrating radar.

32.3

Updated Technical Note on 200 kWe fission NPS for space applications

Specific applications for a power level of 200 kWe are exhibited, including the capabilities in terms of Near Earth Orbit asteroids (NEO) deflection (to avoid asteroids’ Earth collision).

Technical and capability considerations of fission power source system include a review of the possible options at components level design and the main preferred choices in the components’ design are described, including the High temperature Brayton cycle for a gas cooled reactor (GCR)

33.2

Public Acceptance and Recommendation of Public Dissemination

Recommendations on public acceptance for DiPoP (disruptive technologies, including Nuclear Power Sources) which have been derived from a reflection based on a literature research and a case study. A multidisciplinary work is necessary, entailing theories such as the Social Implementation of Technology and the Public Understanding of Science. Other important aspects are the roles of responsibility in the technical and the liability in the economical set.

33.3

Generic Study of Safety and Sustainability

Nuclear Power Sources (NPS) safety and Implementation with Nuclear Safety Lessons Learned are presented with safety regulations concerning NPS in space applications

Public Papers and presentations related to DiPoP

Conference

Reference

Title

Authors

Summary

International Electric Propulsion Conference 2011, Wiesbaden, Germany

IEPC-2011-061

HIGH POWER NUCLEAR ELECTRIC PROPULSION

Richard Blott et al

Previous paper on a FP7 High Power Electric Propulsion: a Roadmap for the Future (HiPER) project  with mention of DiPoP. project 

Space Propulsion, 2012,, Bordeaux

SP2012-2368166

HIGH POWER NUCLEAR ELECTRIC PROPULSION

Richard Blott et al

The ‘High Power Electric Propulsion; a Roadmap for the Future (HiPER)’ project has investigated the next generation of high power European electric propulsion.

Introduction of the goals for the DiPoP project

Space Propulsion, 2012,, Bordeaux

SP2012-2368166_pres

HIGH POWER NUCLEAR ELECTRIC PROPULSION

Richard Blott et al

Slides of the talk.

63rd International Astronautical Congress, Oct. 2012, Naples, Italy.

IAC-12-C.4.7-C.3.5.3  

SPACE FISSION NUCLEAR POWER – A ROADMAP FOR EUROPE

 

Richard Blott et al

A Fission Nuclear Power Generation Draft has been created with the guidance of a Advisory Board. It draws on past and current projects and studies and identifies a programme of work to fully investigate the issues. This paper will give a preliminary presentation of the findings.

Space Exploration 2012, Paris, France

SPACEXPLO2012-63

DISRUPTIVE PROPULSIVE TECHNOLOGIES APPLIED TO EUROPEAN SPACE MISSIONS

Christophe Koppel et al

Advanced space technologies has been reviewed and analysed in view of heavy interplanetary missions of interest for Europe and European industry capabilities.

EUROPEAN CONFERENCE FOR AERONAUTICS AND SPACE SCIENCES, 2013, Muenchen, Germany

EUCASS 2013-406

DISRUPTIVE PROPULSIVE TECHNOLOGIES FOR EUROPEAN SPACE MISSIONS

Christophe Koppel et al

Advanced space technologies has been reviewed and analysed in view of heavy interplanetary missions of interest for Europe and European industry capabilities.

From the range of applications for which space fission nuclear power is potentially necessary there is the "Earth threatening NEO deflection" for 200kWe fission nuclear electric propulsion.

EUROPEAN CONFERENCE FOR AERONAUTICS AND SPACE SCIENCES, 2013, Muenchen, Germany

EUCASS 2013-406_pres

DISRUPTIVE PROPULSIVE TECHNOLOGIES FOR EUROPEAN SPACE MISSIONS

Christophe Koppel et al

Slides of the talk.

64th International Astronautical Congress, Sept. 2013, Beijing, China.

IAC-13

DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGIES FOR POWER AND PROPULSION (DiPoP) FISSION NUCLEAR OPTIONS

Richard Blott et al

Abstract only to date.

 The Disruptive Technologies for Power and Propulsion (DiPoP) Study reviewed advanced space technologies for large interplanetary missions of interest to Europe taking account of European industry capabilities. Both fission nuclear thermal (NTP) and nuclear electric propulsion (NEP) were considered.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2011) under grant agreement 284081. It reflects only the author’s views and the Community is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.

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